Editor’s notice: In celebration of our 10th anniversary, every week we will republish a story from our archives that sparked robust reaction from readers, showcased great writing or marked historical hallmarks within the evolution of Atlanta’s arts group.
First up is Valerie Boyd’s evaluate of the hit movie The Assist from 2011. Boyd is the writer of Wrapped in Rainbows: The Lifetime of Zora Neale Hurston and the editor of the upcoming Gathering Blossoms Beneath Hearth: The Journals of Alice Walker. She is the Charlayne Hunter-Gault Distinguished Writer in Residence at the College of Georgia’s Grady School of Journalism and Mass Communication and is a former ArtsATL board member.
ArtsATL is a nonprofit that is determined by your help. Please help us be right here one other 10 years with a donation.
In early 2009, a few month into the Obama administration, the nation’s first African American lawyer basic referred to as the USA “a nation of cowards” on matters of race.
“This nation has still not come to grips with its racial previous nor has it been prepared to contemplate in a very meaningful method the various future it’s fated to have,” U.S. Lawyer Basic Eric Holder stated. “To our detriment, that is typical of the best way during which this nation deals with problems with race.”
The Assist — the Oscar-nominated movie adaptation of the bestselling novel by Atlanta writer Kathryn Stockett — is a feel-good movie for a cowardly nation.
Regardless of its title, the movie is just not a lot concerning the assist — the black maids who stored many white Southern houses operating before the civil rights movement gave them broader alternatives — as it’s concerning the white ladies who employed and typically terrorized them.
The film’s central character is a younger white lady named Skeeter — a clear reference to Scout, Harper Lee’s earnest young heroine in To Kill a Mockingbird. Skeeter (performed by a sometimes-flat Emma Stone) has just returned to Jackson from 4 years at the University of Mississippi. Fairly than finding herself a very good ol’ boy to marry, as all her associates have accomplished, Skeeter gets a job writing a column about cleaning for the native newspaper. But, being a privileged white Southerner, she knows nothing about cleansing, so she asks Aibileen, the maid of her good friend Elizabeth, to assist. In fact, Aibileen (performed with flawless grace by Viola Davis) will get no credit score for the assistance she offers. Although Aibileen is the one answering readers’ questions, Skeeter, who is just taking dictation, gets the credit score, the byline and the paycheck. No one questions this in the film: not Aibileen, in fact, not Skeeter and — disturbingly — not the filmmakers.
Meanwhile, Skeeter turns into just a little bothered by the bigotry she notices among her associates, notably Hilly (played by Bryce Dallas Howard), who vehemently objects to her maid, Minny (Octavia Spencer), using the bathroom that she cleans as a result of it’s the same rest room that the white people use. But here’s the thing: Skeeter is simply somewhat bothered by this type of conduct in Hilly and others in her social circle. She’s not bothered enough to strenuously confront them about their racism or to end the friendships.
And why ought to she be? Keep in mind, she has lately graduated from Ole Miss — nonetheless lily-white in the early 1960s, when the film takes place — not NYU or someplace the place she may need encountered extra progressive racial attitudes or (gasp!) some precise black students. Ultimately, although, Skeeter, who needs to turn out to be “a critical writer,” is moved by her ambition — not by any extraordinary love of black individuals — to write down a e-book concerning the assist, about what it’s wish to be a black servant in a white residence.
We get the sense that Skeeter sees a very good story right here because it’s by no means been advised, but not that she needs to vary race relations in the South. Positive, she’s upset that her maid, Constantine (Cicely Tyson), who has labored for her family for 29 years, shouldn’t be there when she returns from school, and that her own mom (Allison Janney, in probably the most complicated performance of any white actor in the movie) is evasive about what happened. But Skeeter never questions the system itself. She is not any civil rights pioneer; she simply needs to write down a great ebook. Again she enlists Aibileen’s assist: Skeeter needs to interview Aibileen, Minny and a dozen different maids so she will write her e-book from their perspective. Inexplicably, the maids consent to the interviews, the ebook is written, the black ladies are given voice, the white ladies of Jackson are scandalized, Skeeter will get an enormous modifying job in New York and everybody lives happily ever after. Oh, besides that Aibileen is fired and all the other maids experience untold repercussions and humiliations — untold as a result of the film doesn’t tell them.
In reality, the film ends on a falsely uplifting notice, with Aibileen claiming to really feel liberated after being fired whereas Skeeter plans to go shopping together with her mother for a brand new wardrobe earlier than starting her huge new job in New York. Aibileen is now an unemployed maid, Skeeter is shifting ahead in her life of white privilege — and the filmmakers anticipate viewers to be ok with this.
The problem is, many white viewers will.
Director and screenwriter Tate Taylor, a white Mississippian, presents his white characters in such stark, simplistic phrases that white viewers will naturally determine with Skeeter, whom the director needs us to see as heroic, regardless of what extra politically acutely aware viewers will see as her exploitation of Aibileen’s concepts and words. Those well-meaning white moviegoers also will find it straightforward to distance themselves from Hilly, a society woman whose racism is so cartoonish that it becomes laughable fairly than alarming. No modern filmgoer will see herself in a walking stereotype like Hilly. In fact I’m not like that, white viewers will say.
We can also snicker at Hilly as a result of the movie presents her as a cranky bitch who’s imply to black individuals, sure, however pretty bossy and unkind to her white associates as nicely. She is only a imply woman, relatively than a strong bigot whose conduct is linked to, and grows out of, a centuries-old system of racial discrimination and brutality. There’s a chilling scene, for instance, of Aibileen, Minny and others crowded in front of the radio in Minny’s shack listening to information stories of the murder of Mississippi civil-rights activist Medgar Evers, who was gunned down in front of his youngsters in 1963. But the film never links his assassins’ conduct to the relatively benign, comedic conduct of Hilly and her ilk.
In reality, The Help’s give attention to ladies leaves white males blameless for any of Mississippi’s ills. White male bigots have terrorized black individuals within the South for generations; a current instance is the revolting story of a mob of white teenagers caught on video beating and killing a black man for sport. This happened in, of all locations, Jackson, Mississippi — in 2011, in the so-called “post-racial” period. Any casual scholar of American historical past knows that such incidents have been commonplace throughout the South in the early 1960s.
However the film relegates Jackson’s white males to the background, by no means linking any of its affable husbands to such menacing and well-documented conduct. We by no means see a white male character donning a Klansman’s gown, for instance, or making unwanted sexual advances (or worse) toward a black maid. Scenes like that might have been too heavy for the movie’s persistently sunny message, which is that black ladies and white ladies, even in 1963, can come together and type unlikely sisterhoods that may help them all, and that they will share loads of laughter and good occasions within the process.
Early on in The Help, we hear the maids complain that they’ve spent many years raising little white women who develop as much as turn into racists, identical to their moms. But this doesn’t cease Aibileen from unambiguously loving the little white woman for whom she’s paid to care. The type of ambiguity and complexity that a lady like Aibileen would have felt for that white baby is an excessive amount of for the filmmakers to deal with, in order that they whitewash it, together with every part else in the film.
The film’s most obtrusive flaw, nevertheless, is its very premise: that the black maids would belief Skeeter with their tales, and that she would have the power, despite her privileged upbringing, to offer them voice.
Even at the moment, it is extraordinarily troublesome, if not inconceivable, for African People to talk truthfully with white individuals about race and racism — as a result of, put merely, most white individuals can’t deal with the reality. Subsequently, it’s completely unbelievable that black maids in Mississippi in the early ’60s would speak truthfully about race to a white lady half their age who they need to still call “Miss Skeeter.” The filmmakers reveal nothing about Skeeter that might make her any extra reliable than any of the opposite white ladies within the movie. Her own mother fires the elderly Constantine after 29 years of service, just to impress a few of her feminine peers. All the black ladies locally know this. Why would they belief Skeeter to be any totally different from her mom? The Assistance is a fictional film as a result of it’s fiction; it never occurred — and never would.
The filmmakers may argue that the maids want Skeeter to tell their story, that there’s no means they might write the guide themselves. However the movie portrays Aibileen as a writer. She’s been writing her prayers and hopes and goals in her journal long before Skeeter approaches her a few ebook. She even writes down her maid tales and reads them to Skeeter to copy. Quite than collaborate with this plagiarism, why doesn’t Aibileen simply write the e-book herself? Or why doesn’t she ask for help from Rachel, Constantine’s educated, briefly seen daughter, or other young, educated black people who are referred to, however not absolutely seen, in the movie?
A lot of the movie takes place in 1963 — two years after Charlayne Hunter, the longer term journalist, had integrated the University of Georgia. Gwendolyn Brooks had gained the Pulitzer Prize for poetry approach again in 1950, Lorraine Hansberry had acquired vast approval for her 1959 play (and 1961 movie) A Raisin within the Solar and Zora Neale Hurston had revealed seven books, principally about black Southern life. Certainly an aspiring author reminiscent of Aibileen would have recognized of those individuals (she might have examine any of those achievements in The Atlanta Day by day World, The Chicago Defender or Jet magazine) and understood that being a black lady writer was not inconceivable. However the filmmakers maintain Aibileen ignorant of these details, they usually financial institution on their audience’s ignorance as nicely.
Like the novel on which it’s based mostly, the movie adaptation of The Assistance will probably be a huge hit with white audiences. However for black viewers it’s condescending and often insulting, despite admirable performances by Davis and Spencer, who convey a measure of complexity — precise flesh and blood — to the characters of Aibileen and Minny. It speaks volumes concerning the ongoing racial chasm in this nation that a feel-good movie for white individuals will depart many black filmgoers feeling unhappy — and pessimistic that America can ever develop into something more than “a nation of cowards.”
(perform(d, s, id) var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s); if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = “//connect.facebook.internet/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.zero”; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); (doc, “script”, “facebook-jssdk”));